reading list Mapping Human Violence seminar
revised version 14/1/2004
new texts since the last version in blue
- these pages are intended for educational use only -

please check this webpage regulary, as new materials, corrections and additions will be made in the coming weeks and added on a daily basis!

This is the first series of books for the PZI seminar "Mapping Human Violence" 2004 (January-March).

New materials for the Reading list will be shown in the second meeting of the seminar and come on-line shortly after.

The Reading List has an improved web-interface:

- the covers/front pages of the four main subjects are in the top frame of the reading list;
- each subject has one line;
- depending on how you set your browser width and the number of items, you may need to scroll horizontally to see all the covers/front-pages;
- the total number of items is shown in the name-bar that heads each subject line;
- each item (cover/front-page) has an order number 1.01, 1.02 etc.;
- these order numbers come back in the list in the bottom half of the screen;
- below each item are also the first author name and the short title;
- by clicking the thumbnail picture on the subject-line you will jump to the full description;

- the thumbnails of the full description will bring you to the visual quotes/illustration web-pages that open in the same browser window;
- use your back button to go back to the Reading List;
- also contextual links to related wsebsites open in the same window;
- wehen you want to delve deeper in such a related site, it is a good idea to open further links in a seperate window.

- 39 references (37 books, 2 websites)
- 440 visual quotations (digital facsimile of book pages)
- 120 quotations (33.719 words)
- 7.310 words of introduction texts
- 33 contextual links

Getting hold of the books quoted
Most of the books or other kind of publications listed here, do have information about public libraries where they are available, I have noted when I have a personal copy in my own collection in Amsterdam. If needed some rare books can be photocopied through arrangements with the PZI staff. As book collections available in Rotterdam public and academic libraries tend to be limited, it may be necessary to either ask for copies from the main library system I am using, the University Library of Amsterdam (Universiteits Bibliotheek Amsterdam) or from other big libraries, like The Koninklijke Bibliotheek in den Haag or the University Library of Leiden. This you can do by using the inter-library loan system (IBL) from a Rotterdam based library. You, or your institute must be a member and not all books will be lend in this way. Several books are rare and can only be consulted in the library itself.

About these pages
The textual quotes are in one big list on this web-page and the visual quotes (when they exist for a book) are on linked pages that can be accessed by clicking the thumbnails beneath the book covers. These thumbnails also show how may visual quotes/illustrations there are. In principle most of the visual quotes will have a caption, but not all of them have yet been entered. The external links with (almost) each book or information source, are mostly external links; when you want to go back to these pages, use the back button in your web-browser.

Contextual links

Are external links. For this moment they will open in the same window. The next version will most probably have an extra window to facilitate navigation, enabling you to go back and forward between the actualreference page of this seminar and the external link. Some of these links are PDF files, so you need to have a (free) program like Acrobat Reader installed. Also here are links to Real Audio files, either radio-archives or interviews, you need to have the (free) real Audio software to be installed on your computer.

Viewing these pages
These pages are made for rhe web-browser Internet Explorer 5 or higher (some of the horizontal scrolls may not function properly in other browsers). For the visual quotes you may need to re-set your webbrowser, turning off the top bars, as you will need the whole screen area to see both image an caption on a regular 17 inch screen set to 1024 X 768 pixels. On a Mac you can do that by clicking Apple+b, on a windows machine use either the menu options of view and in some cases F11 will do, though you do need the scroll bar at the bottom to move along horizontal, which may pop away depending on your Windows toolbar setting (moving your mouse at the bottom of the screen doe 'toggle' the horizontal glider back in view).

The main subjects in this list are:
1- Human violence
2- Mapping
3- (Databases)
4- Visualizations

In the end each quotation will have a "headline" which summarizes the basic idea for which I have chosen the quotation. I call these 'headlines', or 'basic idea representations', 'monades' (after Wilhelm Leibniz, 1647-1716). The monades which I present here will be used during the seminar for constructing concepts for works. You wil also be asked to select such quoatations and extract monades from them.

I have tried to give with each source some contextual information, be it about the author(s) or the specific content for which the source was choosen. Mostly this context information is in the form of an external web-link. The link is (as far as the server allows it) directly to the relevant page. In some cases you have to search within a page top find the relevant passages. Using the Finder-function within such a web-page with the author or title name of the source will be sufficient in most cases. If also other parts of the website where such a contextual page has been found are relevant I have noted that with the link.

In the next list there will be titles and links about databases and data collection.
This list has 30 books/sources and about 400 pictures. This is without the external links which are also provided.

This webpage with textual and visual quotations have been generated from my database system 'Ars Memoria System', which is a database with text, image and audio capabilities. It is build using Filemaker Pro 6 running on a Mac OSX, several special plug-ins (from third parties) are used to arrive at the needed functionality: -Troi file and text plug-in, InsideScan. The integrated scanning process (directly linking thumbnailed images into the database) is made p;ossible through the InsideScan plug-in and done with an A3 scanner (Microtek 9800XL) using SilverFast Ai software for the actual scanning process. In some cases image post-processing is done with Photoshop 7. The HTML post-processing is done with Dreamweaver and BBedit. A conceptual explanation of 'Ars memoria System' can be found on my site.

Most of the quotations (25.00 words) have been scanned by a manual text scanner, C-pen, using both a mobile and a USB-cable version. The many different properties of fonts and character sets make this tool not as easy as it seemed to be at first. Depending on language and font and which scanning pen used, invisble lower ASCII characters creep in that won't show themselves at first but only appear when the text is read into HTML format. So I am still writing routines to strip these 'nasty bastards' out... The process of scanning text is far from perfect, and it can not be because it remains an optical process, whereby the slightestr raising from the page of the sannner-pen, or the fact of a wrinkled page, a page with the infamous underlinings of some vandalist reader, or a sudden shoft of the train where I often continue the scanning work, may lead to a break off, or a series of incomprhensible signs. Still using this technmique is less time consuming than entering the data by typing. Still I need to check many quotations presented here for such mistakes. With apologies from me and C-pen company.

Specifications for adding items to the reading list

- picture scans 72 dpi; vertical size minimal 1000 pixels or more, horizontal size following from the ratio of the picture size; format .psd (photoshop)
- picture names for books maximum length 30 characters, made up of author's name and elements of the title
- CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC.pNNN.psd ( C = characters max. 20 x; after 'p' page number; N = numbers, with preceding zeros; '.psd' = extension)

- text of quotations in Word format, without any special text formatting; in principle no foot-not numberings s in quotes, only when really needed, when needed use *, or **, etc. to indicate the notes which do come after the end of the quote each on a new line.
-each quote has both the page number, and the name of the chapter [p.112, Introduction]; when there different authors for chapters also do indicate the name of the author with each quotation.
- several quotations can be combined in one text document.

- each quotation starts with a short line of text that summarizes the essential idea found in the quotation (I call these 'monades'); these monades are typed in lower case and put between <....>; the monades should be either literary quotes from within a longer quoatation or a shorter reformulation (it is like news paper headings)
- you also need to mark the sentence (part of sentence) which forms the basis of the 'monade'; you do this by putting the words, line, lines between {...}

The Seminar handbook will be posted next week on this website.

14 January 2004 Tjebbe van Tijen