Harley, J.B. (1932-1991)/Woodward, David (1942-)-The history of cartography vol.1; cartography in prehistoric, ancient, and medieavl Europe and the Mediterranean (1987) [University of Chicago press; Chicago/London; p.599]
THE PEUTINGER MAP: ROME. The Peutinger map, dated to the twelfth or early thirteenth Century, derives ultimately from a fourth-century archetype, suggested by vignettes such äs that of Rome in this segment, in which the city is personified äs an enthroned goddess Holding a globe, a spear, and a shield. Size of the original: 33 x 59.3 cm. [plate 5]
THE NOT/T/A DIGNITATUM: BRITAIN. Five provinces are arranged incorrectiy in this sixteenth-century Py» at severa] removes, of a fourth-century original. For example, Maxima Caesariensis, which had London äs its capital, is placed not in the southeast but to the northeast near Lincoln. Size of the original: 31 x 24 cm. [plate 6]
AN ITALIAN CHART IN THE CATALAN STYLE. Made in 1482 by Grazioso Benincasa, (...) The repeated coats of arms beneath a cardinal's hat are those of Raffaello Riario, for whom the chart was made. n Size of the original: 71 x 127.5 cm. [plate 27]
ITINERARY MAP BY MATTHEW PARIS. This shows two sections of a mid-thirteenth-century itinerary of the route to the Holy Land. The verso depicts Bar-sur-Seine (bottom right) to Troyes (top left); the recto is Tour de Pin (top left) to Chambery (bottom right). Staging points are depicted, sometimes realistically, by thumbnail sketches set on vertical lines. Intermediate distances are marked with the journey time in days. p Size of each original: 34.8 x 25.2 cm. [plate 38]
COSMOLOGICAL MAP ON A PREDYNASTIC BOWL FROM EGYPT. The course of the sun from east to west is shown, along with the enclosing primeval ocean and the mountains of the East and the West. The bowl dates from the Amratian period, mid-fourth millennium B.C.. [p.89]
THE BABYLONIAN WORLD MAP, CA. 600 B.C. This map shows the relationship between the legendary regions beyond the ocean and the Babylonian worid. The parallel lines running to and from Babylon (the elongated rectangle) represent the Euphrates, while the circular band represents the salt sea. Largest dimensions of the original: 12.5 x 8 cm. [p.114]
COSMOGRAPHICAL MAP: THE LAND OF EGYPT WITH THE GODDESS NUT. South is at the top inthis cosmographic representation found on the cover of a stone sarcophagus from Saqqara. It dates from the Thirtieth Dynasty, ca. 350 B.C. Diameter of the interior circle: 72 cm. [p.120]
RECONSTRUCTION OF THE SHIELD OF ACHILLES FROM HOMER'S ILIAD. After Malcolm M. Willcock, A Companion to the lliad (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976), 210. [p.131]
DETAIL OF THE FARNESE ATLAS. The globe is „.obably an imitation of Eudoxus's globe and could have been used äs an Illustration of Aratus's poem. Diameter of the globe: ca. 64 cm. [p.143]
THE BRONZE LIVER OF PIACENZA. A religious relic of the third Century B.C., this representation of a sheep's ver has a maplike image on part of its surface. This artifact .n be most easily explained äs a form of cosmological map. Size of the original: 7.6 x 12.6 cm. (side view) [p.203-204]
THE BETH-ALPHA MOSAIC. An example of a tradition of Byzantine mosaics depicting the Zodiac and seasons with Hebrew inscriptions. [p.267]
THE EBSTORF MAP. This thirteenth-century mappamundi (destroyed in Worid War II) represents the world äs the body of Christ. Christ's head is situated next to Paradise the feet in the west, and the hands gathering in the north and south. Jerusalem, the navel of the worid, is at the center. Size of the original: 3.56 x 3.58 m. [p.310]
THE TWELFTH-CENTURY WORLD MAP OF HENRY OF MAINZ. Representing a class of mappaemundi which did not place Jerusalem at the center, this map is thought to have influenced later maps of the same type. Derived from ancient Greek tradition, the center is the Cyclades, the Islands circling the sacred isle of Delos, shown in this detail. Size of the original detail: ca. 8 X 11 cm. [p.341]
tA CHART IN AN INTERMEDIATE STYLE. Drawn by the Majorcan Gabriel de Valseca in 1447, this style is midway between the two extremes of Catalan flamboyance and Italian austerity. Flags, town vignettes, and wind disks are typically Catalan, the lack of inland detail typically Italian. Size of the original: 59 x 94 cm. [p.394]
COMPOSITE PETROGLYPH MAP FROM BEDOLINA, VALCAMONICA. (North Italy) The earlier figures and later additions have been removed to reveal a complex topographical map. Size of the original: 2.30 x 4.16 m. [p.79]