Norman Etherington: "Blainey revisited: has peace broken out in the 20th century?" a chapter in: Hindess, Barry ()/Jolly, Margaret () [editors] - Thinking peace making peace (2001) [Academy of Social Sciences in Australia; Canberra; p.96; ISSN 1323-7136] -Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia (ASSA): [p.7-20]
In the wars of the twentieth century about 120 million people were slaughtered. At the beginning of the century 90 percent of
those war casualties were soldiers. As the century ended over 90 percent of war casualties were civilians. Modern war is a direct assault on the innocents . . . [Douglas Mattern (2000), ‘Humanity’s Juncture’, The Humanist, quoted by Etherington; p.12]
... overall statistic of 110 million war-related deaths in the twentieth century conceals a disproportionate weighting toward the period 1900- 1945. [tables are compiled from statistics published in Sivard, Ruth (ed), World Military and Social Expenditures, an irregularly issued periodical of which the last number appeared in 1996. The form in which statistics appear varies from number to number, which poses difficulties for anyone wishing to compile decade-by-decade figures. The definition of war itself is problematic, but these figures are the best I (Etherington) could find; p.13]
[ibid p.13]
Statistic taken from Gil Elliot's "Twenieth century book of the dead" (1972). [there is a mistake in the pdf in giving the wrong source in the caption on p.14, though the text makes it somehow clear this diagram comes from Elliot's book, p.195 (tj.)]
... chart sets out war deaths in post-1945 conflicts in which the total loss of life exceeded 100,000. Taken together, the ‘wars’ on this list account for more than 24 million of the total of 25 million killed during the period 1946-95. [p.17]